Массаж для ребенка в 6 месяца

С самого рождения каждая мама заботиться о здоровье и правильном развитии малыша. Маленькими шажками малыш учится чему-то новому: держать головку, переворачиваться на животик, учится сидеть, затем ходить.

Но своевременное овладение новыми двигательными навыками и активность малыша напрямую зависит от физического и психологического развития.

Зачем нужно делать массаж шестимесячному малышу

Частой причиной, по которой доктор может назначить лечебно-профилактический массаж ребенку могут быть проблемы со здоровьем, к ним относятся:

  1. Мышечная кривошея
  2. Гипертонус мышц
  3. Гипотонус мышц
  4. Дисплазия
  5. Косолапость

В возрасте полугода малыш уже очень активен и многое может, ему уже хочется больше двигаться, играться, изучать мир. Ребенок пытается сесть и поползти, но опорно-двигательная система еще совсем слаба. Массаж поможет ребенку улучшить кровообращение, снизить нагрузку на кости и мышцы, укрепить суставы и связки, и быстрее научится садиться, ползать и ходить.

Деткам с гипертонусом массаж помогает расслабиться, а с гипотонусом наоборот активней двигаться и развиваться.

Тактильные действия во время массажа развивают моторику ребенка, что в свою очередь способствует развитию мозговой деятельности.

Как часто нужно делать массаж ребенку в этом возрасте

Один курс лечебно-профилактического массажа длится десять сеансов. Продолжительность одного сеанса массажа длится от 20 до 40 минут, в зависимости от того как малыш его воспримет. Ведь эта процедура не должна пугать и расстраивать ребенка, иначе вся польза сойдет на нет.

Массаж можно начинать делать с третьего месяца жизни. Перерывы между сеансами должны быть три месяца.

В зависимости от состояния ребенка, врач может назначить курс массажа более десяти сеансов и сократить интервал между курсами до месяца.

Подготовка к массажу

Для начала необходимо определиться, массаж будет выполняться специалистом или самостоятельно мамой малыша.

Для массажа понадобиться специально оборудованное место, в котором будет удобно и массажисту, и малышу.

Температура и влажность в помещении должны быть комфортными. Нельзя допускать сквозняков, так как в процессе массажа кожа ребенка будет разогрета и очень уязвима. Руки специалиста или мамы должны быть теплыми. Все украшения необходимо снять, ногти обрезать.

Для массажа понадобится масло или жирный крем. Ребенка необходимо раздеть до гола, разрешается оставить подгузник.

Чтобы отвлечь малыша можно воспользоваться его любимыми игрушками. И конечно же, чтоб ребенок чувствовал себя комфортно необходимо начинать массаж не раньше, чем через час после кормления.

Как делать массаж

Начинать массаж необходимо с легких поглаживаний, постепенно увеличивая интенсивность для того чтобы разогреть мышцы. Далее можно переключаться на ручки и ножки, размять необходимо каждый пальчик. Движения должны быть мягкими и плавными по направлению к сердцу, снизу в верх.

Массирующие движения могут быть разного типа – круговые поглаживания, пощипывания, растирания. Затем можно переключиться на животик и грудную клетку. По-прежнему можно продолжать поглаживания и потирания. Животик можно погладить по часовой стрелке, это способствует правильной работе кишечника.

В полгода ребенок уже отлично лежит на животике, поэтому можно перевернуть малыша и провести массаж на спинке. При выполнении массажа необходимо избегать суставы и зону позвоночника. Далее можно выполнить двигательные упражнения, направленные на развитие двигательных функций и рефлексов ребенка.

Завершать массаж необходимо такими же поглаживаниями, как и начинали, для того чтоб кожа малыша остыла и организм расслабился. Обычно малыши после массажа спят.

Противопоказания

Не стоит выполнять массаж ребенку без назначения врача. Существует ряд противопоказаний, о которых должна знать каждая мама.

Массаж противопоказан при:

  • Воспалительных процессах, при повышенной температуре тела
  • Высыпаниях разного характера
  • Рахите в острой форме
  • Инфекционных заболеваниях
  • Пупочной грыже
  • Врожденном пороке сердца.

И конечно же не стоит проводить массаж в момент повышенного возбуждения малыша, так как это может привести к гипертонусу мышц.

322 комментария для “Массаж для ребенка в 6 месяца

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