Особенности массажа для двухлетнего ребенка

Помимо того что массаж является хорошим способом расслабить тело, он позволяет добиться общеоздоровительного и лечебного воздействия на организм.

Сказанное в полной мере относится к детям, в том числе малышам в возрасте 2-лет. В статье мы поговорим об особенностях и технике массажа именно для них.

Зачем нужен массаж ребёнку в 2 года

У здорового ребёнка массажем снимают напряжение как со всего тела, та и с его частей; разогревают мышцы для насыщения их тканей кислородом; улучшают перистальтику кишечника и снимают нервную возбудимость.

По показаниям врача с помощью массажа у ребёнка можно лечить плоскостопие, косолапость, иные проблемы с опорно-двигательным аппаратом, проводить комплексное лечение неврологических расстройств, улучшать отхождение мокроты при заболеваниях лёгких и бронхов.

Насколько часто нужно делать массаж 2-х годовалому ребёнку

При отсутствии противопоказаний массаж следует проводить каждый три месяца. Каждый из курсов, как правило, состоит из 10 сеансов. Врач может увеличить либо уменьшить их число. Вначале процедура продолжается 20 минут, затем её время постепенно увеличивается до 40-45 минут. Впрочем, всех детей (даже здоровых) под одну гребёнку не подведёшь. Покажите своё чадо врачу и выслушайте, что он скажет.

Подготовка к массажу

Определитесь со временем массажа. Желательно его делать между кормлениями, когда ребёнок не особо голоден и вместе с тем не слишком сыт.

Проверьте температуру в комнате. Если будет слишком прохладно, мышцы чада невольно станут напрягаться. Это естественная реакция организма на холод. Естественно, в таких условиях массаж не проводится.

Подготовьте ложе для массажа. Оно должно быть мягким, но не слишком. Это может быть стол, застеленный одеялом или положенным на него мягким полотенцем. Непосредственно на одеяло ребёнка класть не следует. Попавшее на шерсть масло может спровоцировать раздражение нежной кожи чада. Используйте пелёнки.

Обязательно остригите себе выступающие ногти, чтобы случайно не поранить кожу любимого создания.

Когда всё готово, приступайте.

Последовательность массажных движений

Положите ребёнка на живот, под колени поместите валик.

Массаж спины

Осуществляется следующим образом:

  1. Выполните поглаживание всей поверхности спины два или три раза;
  2. Сделайте кончиками пальцев растирание и пиление два-три раза;
  3. Выполните граблеобразное растирание промежутков между рёбрами один или два раза;
  4. Сделайте разминание (сдвиг-накат) один или два раза;
  5. Выполните похлопывание поверхности спины и пунктирование боковых поверхностей грудной клетки.
  6. Сделайте завершающее поглаживание спины.

Массаж ягодиц

Делается так:

  1. Круговое либо X-образное поглаживание;
  2. Растирание. Одной рукой нужно придерживать массируемое место, другой массировать;
  3. Разминание руками;
  4. Похлопывание, пощипывание или рубление;
  5. Поглаживание.

Пункты 1, 2, 3 выполняются два или три раза.

Массаж ног

Он включает массаж задней поверхности, массаж передней поверхности бедра, массаж голеней. Состоит из идущих один за другим:

  1. Поглаживания;
  2. Растирания кончиками пальцев;
  3. Разминания;
  4. Поглаживания.

Чтобы укрепить колено, следует сделать поглаживание и круговое растирание мыщелков бедра. Отдельно следует провести поглаживание и растирание ахиллова сухожилия. Лодыжки следует поглаживать и растирать вкруговую. Подошвы поглаживать и растирать гребнеобразно.

Положите ребёнка на спину. Под его коленями должен быть мягкий валик.

Массаж ног при положении чада лёжа на спине

Массаж передней поверхности ног состоит из поглаживания по всей их поверхности два или три раза.

Массаж внутренней поверхности бедра делают следующей последовательностью движений:

  1. Поглаживания;
  2. Растирания;
  3. Разминания с ударными приёмами (пунктированием и похлопыванием);
  4. Завершающего поглаживания.

Растирание выполняется один-два раза, разминание два-три раза.

Массаж передненаружной поверхности бедра отличается лишь тем, что разминание делается щиплеобразными движениями одной рукой один или два раза.

Массаж стоп включает поглаживание один или два раза, затем поперечное и граблеобразное растирание два либо три раза.

Массаж живота

Состоит из:

  1. Поглаживания (кругового, встречного и косых мышц живота). Выполняется два или три раза.
  2. Пощипывания вокруг пупка и точечного массажа;
  3. Поглаживания всеми способами.

Массаж грудной клетки

Состоит из поглаживания два-три раза, граблеобразного растирания межрёберных промежутков от центра груди в стороны, завершающего поглаживания.

Противопоказания

Массаж ребёнку недопустимо делать при повышенной температуре, склонности к кровотечениям, остеомиелите, больших грыжах склонных к выпадению и ущемлению (пупочных, мошоночных, бедренных и т. п.), туберкулёзе суставов костей, острых воспалительных заболеваниях костей, мышц, лимфоузлов, остром диатезе, острых заболеваниях печени и почек, остром артрите.

Процедуру следует также отложить, если ребёнок категорически не соглашается на массаж, плачет, сопротивляется попыткам правильно его уложить на массажное место, находится в крайне возбуждённом состоянии.

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